Republic of Indonesia is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast AsiA. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. Indonesia is the world's 14th largest country in terms of land area and the 7th largest in terms of combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people. Indonesia has 34 provinces. Its capital is Jakarta, which is the second most populous urban area in the world. Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups, with the largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group being the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population.
Indonesia's climate tends to be relatively even year-round. Indonesia has two seasons—a wet season and a dry season—with no extremes of summer or winter. For most of Indonesia, the dry season falls between April and October with the wet season between November and March. Indonesia's climate is almost entirely tropical.
Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private sector and government play significant roles. Indonesia is one of the large economy in Southeast Asia and a member of the G20 major economies. Over time, the structure of the Indonesian economy has changed considerably. Recent strong economic growth has been accompanied by relatively steady inflation.
The population of Indonesia according to the 2010 national census was 237.64 million, and it was estimated to reach 255.4 million in 2015. 58% live on the island of Java, the world's most populous island.